The Dannie Heineman Prize for Astrophysics is awarded jointly by the American Institute of Physics and the American Astronomical Society and is funded by the Heineman Foundation. It was established in 1979 to recognize outstanding mid-career work in the field of astrophysics. No restrictions are placed on a candidate's citizenship or country of residency.
Self-nominations are allowed. Nominations are due by 30 June each year.
For her outstanding contributions and leadership role in using optical and infrared space- and ground-based observations of Cepheid variable stars, together with innovative analysis techniques, to greatly improve the accuracy of the cosmic distance scale and thereby constrain fundamental cosmological parameters.
For their outstanding contributions to the investigation of the fluctuations of the cosmic microwave background, which have led to major breakthroughs in our understanding of the universe.
For fundamental contributions to our understanding of the era of first light in the universe, the ionization and heating of the intergalactic medium, and the formation and evolution of galaxies.
For providing fundamental insights into galaxy formation and evolution using semi-analytic modeling, simulations and observations.
|2012||Chryssa Kouveliotou||For her extensive accomplishments and discoveries in the areas of gamma ray bursts and their afterglows, soft gamma repeaters, and magnetars.|
|2011||Robert P. Kirshner||For his sustained and enduring contributions to our understanding of supernovae and cosmology.|
|2010||Edward Kolb & Michael S. Turner||For their joint fundamental contributions to cosmology and their development of the field of particle astrophysics, which have resulted in a vibrant community effort to understand the early universe.|
|2009||Lennox L. Cowie||For his innovative observations and studies of the distant universe, which have advanced significantly our understanding of the formation and evolution of galaxies.|
|2008||Andrew C. Fabian||For his innovative and influential work in the field of X-ray astronomy has spanned a wide range of topics, including rotation of massive black holes, the X-ray background, hot gas in rich clusters, and non-thermal emission from accretion disks.|
|2007||Robert Kennicutt||For his outstanding contributions to extragalactic astrophysics, in particular to our understanding of the large-scale properties of star formation in galaxies.|
|2006||Marc Davis||For his pioneering work on the large-scale structure in the Universe.|
|2005||George Efstathiou & Simon White||In recognition of their pioneering research, both together and separately, into the evolution of structure in the Universe from the earliest times to the present epoch, as examples of outstanding work in the field of astrophysics.|
|2004||Bruce T. Draine||For his fundamental, pioneering studies of interstellar processes, especially the physics and radiative properties of dust and of magnetized shock waves.|
|2003||Rashid Sunyaev||For his visionary insights into the interaction of radiation and matter on scales from the Universe to black holes.|
|2002||J. Richard Bond||For pioneering research on the generation of microwave background fluctuations in the cold dark matter paradigm, the growth of these fluctuations, and the analysis of CMB (cosmic microwave background) fluctuations as examples of outstanding work in the field of astrophysics.|
|2001||Bruce G. Elmegreen||For contributions that span a remarkable range from theoretical studies of key processes in the interstellar medium to the physics of galaxy-wide starbursts, to investigations of dynamical features, including spiral arms and bars, in galaxies.|
|2000||Frank H. Shu||For shaping our current understanding of star formation, for his research on an unusually large array of topics including the origin of spiral structure in galaxies, stellar dynamics, the evolution of close binary stars, planetary rings and composition of meteorites, and for his contributions as an educator and leader of the astronomical community.|
|1999||Kenneth C. Freeman|
|1998||Roger D. Blandford|
|1997||Scott D. Tremaine|
|1996||Roger A. Chevalier|
|1995||Jerry E. Nelson|
|1994||John N. Bahcall|
|1993||John C. Mather|
|1991||Wallace L. W. Sargent|
|1989||Carl E. Heiles|
|1988||James E. Gunn|
|1987||David L. Lambert|
|1985||Sandra M. Faber|
|1984||Martin J. Rees|
|1983||Irwin I. Shapiro|
|1982||P. James E. Peebles|
|1980||Joseph H. Taylor, Jr.|