LIGO Team Members to Receive 2018 Berkeley Prize
** Contact details appear below. **
Three representatives of the team that developed the second-generation detectors for the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory (LIGO) and used them to detect oscillations in the fabric of space-time will share the 2018 Lancelot M. Berkeley - New York Community Trust Prize for Meritorious Work in Astronomy. Bestowed annually since 2011 by the American Astronomical Society (AAS), the Berkeley prize includes a monetary award and an invitation to give the opening plenary presentation at the AAS winter meeting, often called the “Super Bowl of Astronomy.”
Dennis C. Coyne (Caltech), Peter K. Fritschel (MIT), and David H. Shoemaker (MIT) will share the 2018 Berkeley prize in recognition of their leadership roles in the development of the Advanced LIGO detectors, which have opened a new window on the universe. All three are coauthors of the LIGO team’s paper “Astrophysical Implications of the Binary Black Hole Merger GW150914,” one of the most widely cited astrophysics papers of 2016. It appeared in the 20 February 2016 issue of the Astrophysical Journal Letters, which is published by the AAS, and has been downloaded nearly 45,000 times.
Left to right: Dennis Coyne, Peter Fritschel, and David Shoemaker
Coyne is Chief Engineer and Fritschel is Chief Scientist of the LIGO Laboratory and for the Advanced LIGO team. Fritschel and Shoemaker both hold the title Senior Research Scientist at MIT’s Kavli Institute for Astrophysics and Space Research. In addition, Shoemaker led the Advanced LIGO team and serves as Spokesperson for the LIGO Scientific Collaboration, which includes nearly 1,200 scientists from more than 100 institutions and 18 countries worldwide.
To date the LIGO team has announced three confirmed detections of cosmic gravitational waves, all from merging pairs of massive black holes. As LIGO’s sensitivity continues to improve and similar detectors in Italy, Japan, and India join the hunt, the number and types of gravitational-wave sources should increase dramatically. When astronomers begin detecting electromagnetic counterparts to some of them, the era of “multimessenger astronomy” will begin in earnest.
The recipients of the Berkeley prize are chosen by a committee comprising the Society’s three Vice-Presidents and the Editor in Chief of the Astrophysical Journal and Astronomical Journal. AAS Vice-President James Lowenthal (Smith College) says, “We deliberately chose recipients representing both the scientific and engineering sides of the Advanced LIGO team. When it comes to LIGO, both the science and the technology are blockbusters!”
After being notified of their award, Coyne, Fritschel, and Shoemaker conferred and decided that Fritschel will represent the team and give the Berkeley prize lecture at the January 2018 AAS meeting in National Harbor, Maryland.
- dennis_coyne_600x800.jpg; credit: Dennis Coyne
- peter_fritschel_600x800.jpg; credit: MIT
- david_shoemaker_600x800.jpg; credit: Bryce Vickmark
The AAS, established in 1899, is the major organization of professional astronomers in North America. The membership (approx. 8,000) also includes physicists, mathematicians, geologists, engineers, and others whose research interests lie within the broad spectrum of subjects now comprising contemporary astronomy. The mission of the American Astronomical Society is to enhance and share humanity’s scientific understanding of the universe, which it achieves through publishing, meeting organization, education and outreach, and training and professional development.