AAS 203rd Meeting, January 2004
Session 11 Planetary Nebulae
Poster, Monday, January 5, 2004, 9:20am-6:30pm, Grand Hall

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[11.02] Investigating TiC as the carrier of the 21-micron feature: HD 56126

A. Zalucha (UIUC), M. Meixner (STScI), D. Fong (UIUC/SMA/CfA), K. Justtanont (Stockholm Observatory), T. Ueta (Royal Observatory of Belgium)

A sub-class of proto-planetary nebulae (PPNs) are characterized by an unidentified infrared feature at 21 microns and have been dubbed the 21-micron PPNs. HD 56126 (a.k.a. IRAS 07134+1005) is one of the best studied 21-micron PPNs. Von Helden et al. have proposed nanocrystals of titanium carbide (TiC) to be the carrier of the 21-micron feature. However in order to create TiC, high densities are required in the circumstellar environment, meaning high mass loss rates on the order of 10-3 Msun yr-1. This value suggests that the entire circumstellar envelope was created in a singular catastrophic mass loss event. Here a detailed analysis is presented of the molecular envelope using BIMA data and of the dust envelope using the 2-Dust radiative transfer code to model dust images and the spectral energy distribution. Qualitative results from the BIMA channel maps reveal a molecular envelope expanding away from the star at 10 km s-1. The observations resolve a depression at the center of the envelope in the channels 67, 69, and 71 km s-1. The structure observed in the 67 km s-1 channel map bears a resemblance to the optical and mid-infrared images of HD 56126. However, the outer radius of the CO emission, 10, is significantly larger than the mid-IR and optical emission. Assuming a distance of 3 kpc, this outer radius corresponds to a distance of 4.5 x 1017 cm and a time scale of 1.4 x 104 years. The size of this CO shell contradicts the catastrophic mass loss event required by von Helden et al.

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Bulletin of the American Astronomical Society, 35#5
© 2003. The American Astronomical Soceity.