AAS 203rd Meeting, January 2004
Session 84 Binary Stars
Poster, Wednesday, January 7, 2004, 9:20am-6:30pm, Grand Hall

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[84.05] First Detection of the Hatchett-McCray Effect in the High-Mass X-ray Binary 4U1700-37

G. Sonneborn (NASA's GSFC), R. C. Iping (CUA & NASA's GSFC), L. Kaper, G. Hammerschlag-Hensberge (U. Amsterdam), J. B. Hutchings (HIA, NRC of Canada)

The orbital modulation of stellar wind UV resonance line profiles as a result of ionization of the wind by the X-ray source has been observed in the high-mass X-ray binary 4U1700-37/HD 153919 for the first time. Far-UV observations (905-1180 Å, resolution 0.05 Å) were made at the four quadrature points of the binary orbit with the Far Ultraviolet Spectroscopic Explorer (FUSE) in 2003 April and August. The O6.5 Iaf primary eclipses the X-ray source (neutron star or black hole) with a 3.41-day period. Orbital modulation of the UV resonance lines, resulting from X-ray photoionization of the dense stellar wind, the so-called Hatchett-McCray (HM) effect, was predicted for 4U1700-37/HD153919 (Hatchett & McCray 1977, ApJ, 211, 522) but was not seen in N V 1240, Si IV 1400, or C IV 1550 in IUE and HST spectra. The FUSE spectra show that the P V 1118-1128 and S IV 1063-1073 P-Cygni lines appear to vary as expected for the HM effect, weakest at phase 0.5 (X-ray source conjunction) and strongest at phase 0.0 (X-ray source eclipse). The phase modulation of the O VI 1032-1037 lines, however, is opposite to P V and S IV, implying that O VI may be a byproduct of the wind's ionization by the X-ray source. Such variations were not observed in N V, Si IV, and C IV because of their high optical depth. Due to their lower cosmic abundance, the P V and S IV wind lines are unsaturated, making them excellent tracers of the ionization conditions in the O star's wind.

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Bulletin of the American Astronomical Society, 35#5
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