HEAD 2003 Meeting
Session 16. Gamma-ray Bursts III
Poster, Sunday-Wednesday, March 23, 2003, Duration of Meeting

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[16.11] Nuclear Composition of Gamma-Ray Burst Fireballs

A. M. Beloborodov (CITA)

Three processes shape the nuclear composition of GRB fireballs: (1) neutronization in the central engine, (2) nucleosynthesis in the fireball as it expands and cools, and (3) spallation of nuclei in subsequent internal shocks. The fireballs have a neutron excess and a marginally successful nucleosynthesis. They are composed of free nucleons, \alpha-particles, and deuterium. A robust result is the survival of a significant neutron component, which has important implications. Besides making the fireball an interesting source of multi-GeV neutrinos, the neutrons play a dramatic role in the explosion at radii R=1016-1017 cm and change the mechanism of the GRB afterglow emission.

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Bulletin of the American Astronomical Society, 35#2
© 2003. The American Astronomical Soceity.