DPS 2001 meeting, November 2001
Session 36. Mars Surface Posters
Displayed, 9:00am Tuesday - 3:00pm Saturday, Highlighted, Friday, November 30, 2001, 9:00-10:30am, French Market Exhibit Hall

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[36.01] Directional Emissivity Effects on Martian Surface Brightness Temperatures

K. M. Pitman (Louisiana State University), M. J. Wolff (Space Science Institute), J. L. Bandfield (NASA/GSFC), R. T. Clancy (SSI), G. C. Clayton (LSU)

The angular dependence of thermal emission from the surface of Mars has not been well characterized. Although nadir sequences constitute most of the MGS/TES Martian surface observations [1,2], a significant number scans of Martian surfaces at multiple emission angles (emission phase function (EPF) sequences) also exist. Such data can provide insight into surface structures, thermal inertias, and non-isotropic corrections to thermal emission measurements [3]. The availability of abundant EPF data as well as the added utility of such observations for atmospheric characterization provide the impetus for examining the phenomenon of directional emissivity.

We present examples of directional emissivity effects on brightness temperature spectra for a variety of typical Martian surfaces. We examine the theoretical development by Hapke (1993, 1996) [4,5] and compare his algorithm to that of Mishchenko et al. (1999) [6]. These results are then compared to relevant TES EPF data.

This work is supported through NASA grant NAGS-9820 (MJW) and JPL contract no. 961471 (RTC).

[1] Smith et al. (1998), AAS-DPS meeting # 30, # 11.P07. [2] Kieffer, Mullins, & Titus (1998), EOS, 79, 533. [3] Jakosky, Finiol, & Henderson (1990), JGR, 17, 985--988. [4] Hapke, B. (1993), Theory of Reflectance & Emittance Spectroscopy, Cambridge Univ. Press, NY. [5] Hapke, B. (1996), JGR, 101, E7, 16817--16831. [6] Mishchenko et al. (1999), JQSRT, 63, 409--432.

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