Solar Physics Division Meeting 2000, June 19-22
Session 2. Corona, Solar Wind, Flares, CMEs, Solar-stellar, Instrumentation, Other
Display, Chair: J. Krall, Monday-Thursday, June 19, 2000, 8:00am-6:00pm, Forum Ballroom

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[2.17] Coronal Replenishment and Heating

A.O. Benz (Institute of Astronomy, ETH, Zurich, Switzerland), S. Krucker (Space Science Lab, UCB, Berkeley), U. Mitra Kraev (Institute of Astronomy, ETH, Zurich, Switzerland)

The content of coronal material in the quiet Sun is not constant as soft X-ray and high-temperature EUV line observations have shown. New material, probably heated and evaporated from the chromosphere is occasionaly injected even in the faintest parts above the magnetic network cell interiors.

We discuss the characteristics of the largest of these events, based on simultaneous transition region observations (in EUV and radio) and the observed analogies to flares. Assuming that the smaller events follow the same pattern, we estimate the total mass input and compare it to the requirements observed in the solar wind. Various recent analyses are compared and briefly discussed. Finally we present the results of a simulation, extrapolating the observed range of microflares to smaller energies. The simultation indicates that the extrapolation to smaller events is problematic and that smaller events may play an even more decisive role than previously assumed. The hypothesis of nanoflare heating is consistent with these observations if the lower corona is not just heated, but continuously replenished by chromospheric material heated to coronal temperatures.

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