AAS 196th Meeting, June 2000
Session 34. A New Era in X-ray Astronomy
Topical Session Oral, Wednesday, June 7, 2000, 8:30-10:00am, 10:45am-12:30pm, 2:30-4:00pm, 4:15-6:00pm, Lilac Ballroom

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[34.22] The High-Resolution X-ray Spectrum of NGC 3783

S. Kaspi, W.N. Brandt (PSU), H. Netzer (Tel-Aviv University, Israel), R. Sambruna, G. Chartas, G.P. Garmire, J.A Nousek (PSU)

We present the first grating-resolution X-ray spectra of the Seyfert 1 galaxy NGC 3783, obtained with the High Energy Transmission Grating Spectrometer on the Chandra X-ray Observatory. These spectra reveal many narrow absorption lines from the H-like and He-like ions of O, Ne, Mg, Si, S and Ar, as well as FeXVII--FeXXI L-shell lines. We have also identified several weak emission lines, mainly from O and Ne. The absorption lines are blueshifted by a mean velocity of a few hundred km/s and are not resolved, indicating a velocity dispersion within the absorbing gas of a few hundred km/s or less. We measure the lines' equivalent widths and compare them with the predictions of photoionization models. The best-fitting model has a microturbulence velocity of 150 km/s and a hydrogen column density of 1.3\times 1022 cm-2. The measured blueshifts and inferred velocity dispersions of the X-ray absorption lines are consistent with those of the strongest UV absorption lines observed in this object. However, simple models that propose to strictly unify the X-ray and UV absorbers have difficulty explaining simultaneously the X-ray and UV absorption line strengths.

This work was partially supported through NASA grant NAS 8-38252 and NASA LTSA grant NAG 5-8107.

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