31st Annual Meeting of the DPS, October 1999
Session 47. Mars Surface: Spectra Posters
Poster Group II, Thursday-Friday, October 14, 1999, , Kursaal Center

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[47.08] Near-Infrared hyperspectral image cubes of Mars during the 1999 opposition

J. Hillman, D. Glenar, F. Espenak (NASA, GSFC), N. Chanover, J. Murphy (NMSU), L. Young (Boston U), W. Blass (U Tenn)

We used the Goddard Space Flight Center, Acousto-Optic Tunable Filter (AOTF) Camera to obtain near-IR spectral image sets of Mars over the 1.6-3.6 micron region during the April 1999 opposition. A complete image set consists of 280 images with a spectral full-width-half maximum of 10 wavenumbers (fixed in frequency), 90 images in H-band (1.55-1.80 micron), 115 images in K-band (1.95-2.50 micron) and 75 images in L-band (2.90-3.70 micron). The short-wavelength limit is set by transmission of AOTF cell and long-wavelength limit is imposed by sensitivity of PICNIC, 256x256, HgCdTe array detector. We will discuss the new array performance and provide preliminary interpretations of some of these results. These measurements were part of a 4-observatory coordinated effort whose overall objective was to assemble a photometrically calibrated, spectrally complete ground-based image cube over the visible and near-IR spectral region. To accomplish this, four observing teams conducted the investigations with instruments spanning 0.4 to 5.0 micron. The instruments and observing facilities were (a) AOTF camera at Apache Point Observatory, 3.5m, f/10, Nasymth focus (this abstract). Primary science targets included the 3 micron water-of hydration feature and CO2, H2O ice (polar regions and clouds); (b) Visible/NIR interference-filter (24 filters) camera at Lowell Observatory, 72" telescope. 430-1050 nm. Science targets were Fe2+, Fe3+ mineralogy and coarse grain hematite search; (c) NMSU Tortugas Mountain Observatory, 60 cm telescope, CCD photometry with same filter set as Lowell; (d) KPNO cryogenic grating/slit spectrometer (CRSP/SALLY) at KPNO 2.1 m, f/15 Cassegrain focus (see abstract by D. Glenar, et. al., this meeting). Selected wavelengths in 3-5 micron region (L, M band). Science targets included water-of-hydration feature (3-4 micron long wave extension) and sulfate mineralogy. Observers participating in this campaign included Dave Glenar, John Hillman, Gordon Bjoraker and Fred Espenak from GSFC, Nancy Chanover, Jim Murphy and A. S. Murrell from NMSU, Leslie Young from BU, Diana Blaney from JPL and Dick Joyce from KPNO.

The author(s) of this abstract have provided an email address for comments about the abstract: john.hillman@gsfc.nasa.gov

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