AAS Meeting #194 - Chicago, Illinois, May/June 1999
Session 27. Russell Prize Lecture: How Does the Sun Shine?
Invited, Oral, Monday, May 31, 1999, 11:40am-12:30pm, Grand Ballroom

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[27.01] How does the sun shine?

J.N. Bahcall (Institute for Advanced Study)

Neutrino astronomy was developed to test the theory that stars shine and evolve by burning light elements in their interiors. Five beautiful experiments have proven that the sun does shine by nuclear fusion reactions, but robust discrepancies between the standard predictions and the observations suggest that neutrinos exhibit physics beyond the standard model of electroweak interactions. I will review the neutrino and helioseismological evidence confirming solar fusion and suggesting new electroweak physics. Major new observatories are being built to search for smoking-gun evidence of non-standard neutrino phenomena.

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