AAS Meeting #193 - Austin, Texas, January 1999
Session 93. Pulsars I
Oral, Friday, January 8, 1999, 2:00-3:30pm, Room 10 (B)

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[93.06] Pulse-Sequence Cartography of Pulsar Polar-Cap Emission

Avinash A. Deshpande (Raman Research Institute, Bangalore, India), Joanna M. Rankin (Physics \& Astronomy Department, University of Vermont)

One nearly coherent sequence of "drifting" pulses from PSR B0943+10 has prompted us to develop a technique for "mapping" the pattern of polar-cap "storms" or "sparks" responsible for its emission. Using several different fluctuation-spectral analysis methods, we have been able both to determine the phase-modulation frequency of the "drift" (and several of its harmonics) to unprecedented precision and to identify a superposed amplitude modulation corresponding to a stable set of "sparks". If the individual-pulse sequence is produced by successive sight-line traverses through this stable, rotating "spark" pattern, then a transform relationship exists between them.

We have developed procedures for computing both this "cartographic" transform and its inverse, in order first to study the character of the polar-cap emission "map" and then to confirm that this "map" in turn produces the observed pulse sequence. The "cartographic" transform depends critically on the geometry---not only on the magnetic latitude \alpha and sight-line impact angle \beta, but on the longitude of the magnetic axis \phi0 and the sign of \beta. When combined with the spacing P2 and the polarization-angle rotation \chi2 between subpulses, the sense of rotation of the star and of the "spark" pattern can be determined.

The "inverse" transform provides a powerful "closure" tool to verify and refine the "input" geometry. However, the most significant uses may come through studying what features of the observed sequence are lost in the process of recreating the sequence from the polar-cap "map" of a sequence. Note, for instance, that a rotating pattern of "sparks" will almost always produce a sequence which will average to a symmetrical profile. For those pulsars, like 0943+10, with both prominent "drifting" subpulses and highly asymmetic average profiles, the "cartographic" transform provides the technical basis for important new insights into the physics of the pulsar emission region.

If you would like more information about this abstract, please follow the link to http://www.uvm.edu/~jmrankin/papers. This link was provided by the author. When you follow it, you will leave the Web site for this meeting; to return, you should use the Back comand on your browser.

The author(s) of this abstract have provided an email address for comments about the abstract: desh@rri.ernet.in

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