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Session 1 - Chromosphere, Corona, Flares.
Display session, Friday, June 27
Ballroom B, Chair: Charles Kankelborg

[1.71] Asymmetric X-Ray Line Broadening in Solar Flares

S. K. Savy (Institute of Space and Astronautical Science)

The symmetry and time development of X-ray spectral lines are examined for many flares using Yohkoh Bragg Crystal Spectrometer (BCS) observations. We examine the degree of line blueshift and asymmetric broadening as a function of flare impulsiveness. The results of the analysis present a consistent observational picture for the 16 flares that were studied. The blueshift of the total flare spectrum increases with increasing fractional rate of change of flux. This result supports models that predict stronger heating in flares results in more blueshifted plasma. It also suggests that most flares will exhibit very weak or no blueshifts if the peak fractional energy release rate remains relatively low. This will be the case if stationary plasma builds up quickly by early `gentle' evaporation or rapid slowing of moving plasma, even when most of the hot plasma is generated by explosive chromospheric evaporation.

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