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Session 64 - Disks and Bipolar Outflows from Hot Stars - II.
Oral session, Wednesday, June 12
Union Theater,

[64.01] Theory of Bipolar Outflows from Accreting Hot Stars

A. Königl (U. Chicago)

There is a growing number of observational indicators for the presence of bipolar outflows in massive, young stellar objects that are still accreting mass as part of their formation process. In particular, there is evidence that the outflows from these objects can attain higher velocities and kinetic luminosities than their lower-mass counterparts. Furthermore, the higher-mass objects appear to smoothly continue the correlation found in T Tauri stars between outflow and accretion signatures, and in several cases there are direct clues to the existence of a disk from optical and infrared spectroscopy. These results suggest that the disk--outflow connection found in low-mass pre--main-sequence stars extends to more massive objects, and that a similar physical mechanism may drive the outflows in both cases. In this presentation, I first critically examine the observational basis for this hypothesis, considering, among other things, the possibility that several low-luminosity outflows might occasionally masquerade as a single flow from a luminous object, and the effects that the radiation field of a hot star could have on the spectroscopic diagnostics of an accretion-driven outflow. I then go on to consider how the commonly invoked centrifugally driven wind models of bipolar outflows in low-mass stars would be affected by the various physical processes (such as photoionization, photoevaporation, radiation pressure, and stellar wind ram pressure) that operate in higher-mass stars. I conclude by mentioning some of the tantalizing questions that one could hope to address as this young field of research continues to develop (for example: is there a high-mass analog of the FU Orionis outburst phenomenon? Could one use observations of progressively more massive, and hence less convective, stars to elucidate the role of stellar magnetic fields in the accretion and outflow processes? Would it be possible to observationally identify massive stars that have reached the main sequence while they were still accreting? Does the evolution of protostellar disks differ in low-mass and high-mass objects?).

Program listing for Wednesday