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Session 17 - Supernovae.
Display session, Monday, January 15
North Banquet Hall, Convention Center

[17.04] Pulsar Recoil and Gravitational Radiation due to Asymetrical Stellar Collapse and Explosion

A. Burrows, J. C. Hayes (Dept. of Physics, U. Arizona)

New data imply that the average velocity of radio pulsars is high. Under the assumption that these data imply that a pulsar is born with an ``intrinsic'' kick, we investigate whether such kicks can be a consequence of asymmetrical collapse and explosion. We conclude that they can. The neutron star recoils in the direction opposite to that in which the ejecta preferentially emerge. In addition, we calculate the gravitational wave (GW) signature of such asymmetries due to anisotropic neutrino radiation and mass motions. We predict that any recoils imparted to the neutron star at birth will result in a gravitational wave strain, h^TT_zz, that does not go to zero with time. Hence, there may be a ``memory'' in the gravitational waveform from a protoneutron star that is correlated with its recoil and neutrino emissions. In principle, the recoil, neutrino emissions, and gravitational radiation can all be measured for a galactic supernova.

Program listing for Monday