The Interaction of Hot and Cold Gas in Early-Type Galaxies

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Session 52 -- Elliptical Galaxies
Display presentation, Tuesday, 10, 1995, 9:20am - 6:30pm

[52.21] The Interaction of Hot and Cold Gas in Early-Type Galaxies

J.N. Bregman (University of Michigan), D.E. Hogg (NRAO), M.S. Roberts (NRAO)

Sa galaxies have approximately equal masses of HI and X-ray emitting gas and are ideal sites for studying the interaction between hot and cold gas. An X-ray observation of the Sa galaxy NGC 1291 with the ROSAT PSPC shows a striking spatial anticorrelation between hot and cold gas where X-ray emitting material fills the large central hole in the HI disk. This supports a previous suggestion that hot gas is a bulge phenomenon and neutral hydrogen is a disk phenomenon.

The X-ray luminosity ($1.5 \times 10^{40}~ erg ~s^{-1}$) and radial surface brightness distribution ($\beta$ = 0.51) are the same as for elliptical galaxies with optical luminosities and velocity dispersions like that of the bulge of NGC 1291. Modeling of the X-ray spectrum requires a component with a temperature of 0.15 keV, similar to that expected from the velocity dispersion of the stars, and with a hotter component with kT = 1.07 keV. This hotter component is not due to emission from stars and its origin remains unclear. PSPC observations were obtained for the Sa galaxy NGC 3623, which also shows X-ray emission from the bulge.

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