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B.M. Rodgers (Gemini Observatory), N.S. van der Bliek (NOAO CTIO), B. Brandvig (CTIO REU Program), S. Thomas (NOAO CTIO), G. Doppmann (Gemini Observatory), J. Bouvier (Observatoire de Grenoble)
We present first results of a program to obtain near-infrared spectra of candidate companions to intermediate mass pre-main sequence Herbig Ae/Be (HAEBE) stars. Accurate spectral classification is critical to proper identification of the secondary star and interpretation of its spectral energy distribution. Spectra also allow analysis of emission lines and other stellar charcteristics such as veiling and rotation, to determine the companion's evolutionary status and help establish binarity. Of the first six objects observed with GNIRS on Gemini South (AS310 NW, HD76534, HD150193, HR5999, HD141569 and CO Ori), we find two B+B companion pairs, three early A primaries with T Tauri type secondaries (G, K and M type), and a peculiar F+F pair in which the secondary star is the primary emission star (respectively). If true binaries, three systems are similar spectral type pairs but with very different extinction and emission properties. The three late-type secondaries all exhibit significant near-infrared excess, but only weak emission lines.
Other components of our project are an AO-fed near-infrared imaging survey of a large sample of HAEBE systems (N. S. van der Bliek et al. poster) and modeling of companion spectral energy distributions (B. Brandvig et al. poster). Together, these three complementary approaches will result in the most thorough accounting of multiple HAEBE systems to date. Our initial spectroscopy sample contains about 40 objects taken from the literature, roughly half from Bouvier and Corporon (2001).
Based on observations obtained at the Gemini Observatory, which is operated by the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy, Inc., under a cooperative agreement with the NSF on behalf of the Gemini partnership: the National Science Foundation (United States), the Particle Physics and Astronomy Research Council (United Kingdom), the National Research Council (Canada), CONICYT (Chile), the Australian Research Council (Australia), CNPq (Brazil) and CONICET (Argentina).
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Bulletin of the American Astronomical Society, 37 #4
© 2005. The American Astronomical Soceity.