37th DPS Meeting, 4-9 September 2005
Session 58 Galilean Satellites
Poster, Thursday, September 8, 2005, 6:00-7:15pm, Music Recital Room

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[58.07] Volcanic Eruption Classification on Io and Earth from Low Spatial Resolution Remote-Sensing Data

A. G. Davies (JPL), L. P. Keszthelyi (USGS)

Earth and Io exhibit high-temperature (silicate) active volcanism. While there are important differences in the eruptions on Earth and Io, in low-spatial-resolution data (corresponding to the bulk of available and foreseeable data of Io), similar styles of effusive and explosive volcanism yield similar thermal flux densities [1-3]. If, from observed thermal emission as a function of wavelength and change in thermal emission with time, the eruption style of an ionian volcano can be constrained, estimates of volumetric fluxes can be made and compared with terrestrial volcanoes using techniques derived for analysing terrestrial remotely-sensed data. We find that ionian volcanoes fundamentally differ from their terrestrial counterparts only in areal extent, with Io volcanoes covering larger areas, with higher volumetric fluxes. Even with the low-spatial resolution data available it is possible to sometimes constrain and classify eruption style both on Io and Earth from the integrated thermal emission spectrum, and how this changes temporally. Plotting 2 and 5 ┬Ám fluxes reveals the evolution of individual eruptions of different styles, as well as the relative intensity of eruptions, allowing comparison to be made from individual eruptions on both planets. For some Ionian volcanoes, low-resolution analyses are confirmed from observations obtained at high spatial resolution Of great importance, possibly more so than spatial resolution, is temporal resolution, as this has proven diagnostic in determining style of eruption at a number of volcanoes (e.g., Prometheus, Pele, Loki Patera, Pillan 1997) [1-3]. Active lava lakes, fire-fountains and insulated flows are identified using this methodology, and this allows comparison of individual eruptions on both planets. References: [1] Davies et al. (2001) JGR, 106, 33079-33,103. [2] Keszthelyi et al. (2001) LPSC XXXII Abstract 1523. [3] Davies (2003) JGR, 108, 10.1029/2001JE001509. This work was carried out at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory-California Institute of Technology, under contract to NASA.


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