AAS 204th Meeting, June 2004
Session 3 Stellar-Solar Connection
SPD Poster, Monday, May 31, 2004, 9:20am-6:30pm, Ballroom

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[3.07] Spectroscopic Properties of Cool Stars in the SDSS

S. L. Hawley, A. A. West, L. M. Walkowicz, K. R. Covey (U. Washington)

We present a spectroscopic analysis of nearly 8000 late-type dwarfs in the Sloan Digital Sky Survey. Using the H-alpha emission line as an activity indicator, we investigate the fraction of active stars as a function of spectral type and find a peak near type M8, confirming previous results. In contrast to past findings, we find that not all M7-M8 stars are active. We show that this may be a selection effect of the distance distributions of previous samples, as the active stars appear to be concentrated near the Galactic Plane. We also examine the activity strength (ratio of the luminosity emitted in H-alpha to the bolometric luminosity) for each star, and find that the mean activity strength is constant over the range M0-M5 and declines at later types. The decline begins at a slightly earlier spectral type than previously found. We explore the effect that activity has on the broadband photometric colors and find no significant differences between active and inactive stars. We also carry out a search for subdwarfs using spectroscopic metallicity indicators, and find 60 subdwarf candidates. Several of these candidates are near the extreme subdwarf boundary. The spectroscopic subdwarf candidates are redder by approx. 0.2 magnitudes in (g-r) compared to disk dwarfs at the same (r-i) color.

A paper describing these results is scheduled for the June 2004 issue of the Astronomical Journal. This work is supported by NSF grant AST 02-05875.

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