DPS 35th Meeting, 1-6 September 2003
Session 25. Planet and Satellite Origins I: Disks, Nebulae and Giant Planets
Oral, Chairs: A. P. Boss and J. J. Lissaurer, Thursday, September 4, 2003, 1:30-3:20pm, DeAnza I-II

[Previous] | [Session 25] | [Next]

[25.03] Hydrodynamic Instability and Enhanced Transport in Protoplanetary Nebulae

D.T. Richard (NASA Ames)

The nature of turbulence (and the enhanced transport it provides) is a key element to comprehend the dynamics, physics and chemistry of the protoplanetary nebulae and consequently the planet formation process. Early accretion disk models postulated the turbulent transport through the well-known ``alpha-viscosity" model, introduced by Shakura and Sunyaev in 1973. Since then, the nature of the turbulence in disks has been a subject of investigation. In 1991, the rediscovery by Balbus and Hawley of Chandrasekhar's linear instability in magnetized disks was a breakthrough in the discipline. Unfortunately, the mechanisms leading to turbulence in non-magnetized disks --such as protoplanetary nebulae-- remain poorly understood. We will present results from laboratory experiments along with analytical arguments showing that, despite skepticism in the Astrophysical community, differential rotation may indeed be sufficient to trigger and sustain turbulence. We will also propose a alternative viscosity prescription derived from both experiments and analysis.

The author(s) of this abstract have provided an email address for comments about the abstract: drichard@mail.arc.nasa.gov

[Previous] | [Session 25] | [Next]

Bulletin of the American Astronomical Society, 35 #4
© 2003. The American Astronomical Soceity.