34th Solar Physics Division Meeting, June 2003
Session 20 Instrumentation
Poster, Wednesday, June 18, 2003, 3:30-5:00pm, Mezzanine

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[20.07] The Extreme Ultraviolet Normal Incidence Spectrograph (EUNIS)

D. Rabin, J. Davila, R. J. Thomas, C. Engler, S. Irish, R. Keski-Kuha, J. Novello, M. Nowak, L. Payne, I. Rodriguez, T. Saha, R. Scott, M. Swartz, M. Trimble, L. White (NASA/GSFC), S. Seshadri (JPL)

EUNIS is a high-efficiency extreme ultraviolet spectrometer that is expected to fly for the first time in 2004 as a sounding rocket payload. Using two independent optical systems, EUNIS will probe the structure and dynamics of the inner solar corona high spectral resolution in two wavelength regions: 1721 nm with 3.5 pm resolution and 30-37 nm with 7 pm resolution. The long wavelength channel includes He II 30.4 nm and strong lines from Fe XI-XVI; the short wavelength channel includes strong lines of Fe IX-XIII. Angular resolution of 2 arcsec is maintained along a slit covering a full solar radius.

EUNIS will have 100 times the throughput of the highly successful SERTS payloads that have preceded it. There are only two reflections in each optical channel, from the superpolished, off-axis paraboloidal primary and the toroidal grating. Each optical element is coated with a high-efficiency multilayer coating optimized for its spectral bandpass. The detector in each channel is a microchannel plate image intensifier fiber-coupled to three 1K x 1K active pixel sensors.

EUNIS will obtain spectra with a cadence as short as 1 sec, allowing unprecedented studies of the physical properties of evolving and transient structures. Diagnostics of wave heating and reconnection wil be studied at heights above 2 solar radii, in the wind acceleration region. The broad spectral coverage and high spectral resolution will provide superior temperature and density diagnostics and will enable underflight calibration of several orbital instruments, including SOHO/CDS and EIT, TRACE, Solar-B/EIS, and STEREO/EUVI.

EUNIS is supported by NASA through the Low Cost Access to Space Program in Solar and Heliospheric Physics.


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