DDA 33rd Meeting, Mt. Hood, OR, April 2002
Session 15. Solar System
Wednesday, April 24, 2002, 1:00-2:20pm

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[15.01] The Fate Of Ejecta From Hyperion

J. J. Lissauer (NASA Ames), A. R. Dobrovolskis (UCSC)

Ejecta from Saturn's moon Hyperion is subject to powerful perturbations from nearby Titan, which control its ultimate fate. We have performed numerical integrations to simulate a simplified system consisting of Saturn (including oblateness), Tethys, Dione, Titan, Hyperion, Iapetus, and the Sun (treated simply as a massive satellite). In addition, 1050 massless particles were ejected from Hyperion at five different points in its orbit. These particles started more or less evenly distributed over latitude and longitude, 1 km above Hyperion's mean radius, and were ejected radially outward at speeds 10% faster than its escape speed.

Only about 4% of the particles survived for the 100,000-year course of the integration, while ~8% escaped from the Saturnian system. Titan accreted ~77% of all the particles, while Hyperion reaccreted only ~5%. This may help to account for Hyperion's rugged shape. Three particles hit Rhea and 2 hit Dione, but ~5% of the particles were removed when they penetrated within 150,000 km of Saturn. Most removals occurred within the first few thousand years. In general, ejecta from Hyperion are much more widely scattered than previously thought, and cross the orbits of all of the other classical satellites.

This work was supported by NASA PGG RTOP 344-30-50-01.

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Bulletin of the American Astronomical Society, 34, #3
© 2002. The American Astronomical Society.