AAS 200th meeting, Albuquerque, NM, June 2002
Session 53. Structure and Dynamics of Chromospheres
SPD Topical Session Oral, Wednesday, June 5, 2002, 8:30-10:00am, 10:45am-12:30pm, Ballroom B

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[53.03] Dynamics of Chromospheres

S.S. Hasan (Indian Institute of Astrophysics, Bangalore-560034, India)

This review focuses on dynamics of the solar chromosphere, which serves as a good proxy for understanding processes in stellar chromospheres. In the quiet chromosphere we distinguish between the magnetic network on the boundary of supergranulation cells, where strong magnetic fields are organized in mainly vertical magnetic flux tubes, and internetwork regions in the cell interior, where magnetic fields are weak and dynamically unimportant.

Observations have firmly established the presence of oscillations in the solar chromosphere. The internetwork medium is dominated with oscillations having power in the 5-7 mHz range, which can essentially be regarded as acoustic waves. Significant progress has been made recently in modeling wave propagation in the non-magnetic medium and applying these calculations to interpreting the properties of K2V grains. Nevertheless, there are still several open questions which need to be addressed, specifically the departure from 1-D geometry and the inclusion of oblique propagation: these can have important consequences.

The dynamics of the magnetic network, on the other hand, is dominated by low frequency waves with periods in the 4-15 min. range, which can be interpreted as transverse MHD waves, generated in thin flux tubes by granular buffeting. Through nonlinear effects, these modes generate longitudinal MHD waves, that form shocks and dissipate in the low to middle chromosphere. Alternative theoretical scenarios for interpreting network oscillations will also be discussed as well as their observational consequences. Finally, we consider some implications of the above models to stellar chromospheres.

The author(s) of this abstract have provided an email address for comments about the abstract: hasan@iiap.ernet.in

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Bulletin of the American Astronomical Society, 34
© 2002. The American Astronomical Soceity.