AAS 199th meeting, Washington, DC, January 2002
Session 59. Dust
Display, Tuesday, January 8, 2002, 9:20am-6:30pm, Exhibit Hall

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[59.04] New Interstellar Dust Models Consistent with Interstellar Extinction, Emission, and Abundances Constraints

V. Zubko, E. Dwek (NASA/GSFC), R. G. Arendt (SSAI/GSFC)

We present new interstellar dust models that are consistent with both, the FUV to near-IR extinction and infrared (IR) emission measurements from the diffuse interstellar medium. The models are characterized by different dust compositions and abundances. The problem we solve consists of determining the size distribution of the various dust components of the model. This problem is a typical ill-posed inversion problem which we solve using the regularization approach. We reproduce the Li & Draine (2001, ApJ, 554, 778) results, however their model requires an excessive amount of interstellar silicon (48 ppM of hydrogen compared to the 36 ppM available for an ISM of solar composition) to be locked up in dust. We found that dust models consisting of PAHs, amorphous silicate, graphite, and composite grains made up from silicates, organic refractory, and water ice, provide an improved fit to the extinction and IR emission measurements, while still requiring a subsolar amount of silicon to be in the dust.

This research was supported by NASA Astrophysical Theory Program NRA 99-OSS-01

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