AAS 196th Meeting, June 2000
Session 23. Next Generation Space Telescope
Topical Session Oral, Tuesday, June 6, 2000, 8:30-10:00am, 10:45am-12:30pm, Highland B/J

[Previous] | [Session 23] | [Next]

[23.03] Development of a Two-Dimensional Array of Individually Addressable Micro-Mirrors for NGST Application

S.B. Dutta, D.B. Mott, C.A. Allen, A.J. Ewin, M.D. Jhabvala, C.A. Kotecki (NASA / GSFC, Code 553), J.L. Kuhn (NASA / GSFC, Code 542), J.W. MacKenty (STScI)

NASA's missions of the 21st century will use small, low cost, efficient instruments for Earth and Space Science studies. Development of technologies that accommodate these requirements is essential for space applications. Micro Electro Mechanical Systems (MEMS) technology development for sensors and actuators plays a major role in this effort. We are developing a two dimensional array of individually addressable, cryogenic micro-mirrors, a MEMS based component, specifically for application in the Multi Object Spectrometer (MOS) in NGST.

Two-dimensional, individually addressable and tiltable aluminum micro-mirror-arrays (MMA) have been developed and prototype arrays of different sizes have been fabricated in the Detector Development Laboratory of NASA, GSFC. Each micro-mirror of the array has 100micronx100micron pixel size and is capable of tilting +/- 10 degrees by electrostatic actuation. We have completed extensive analytical studies and performed laboratory tests to compare model predictions with actual performance of a 3x3 array. The mirrors have been tested to operate at cryogenic temperature. Recently we have completed the integration of a CMOS based address and driver circuit for the MMA with its mechanical structure. Our goal is to extend the development to a 1024x1024 array, primarily for NGST and also for other imaging and spectroscopy applications.

For NGST MOS, MMAs will be used as a reflective slit-mask at a focal plane of the spectrometer providing a large field of view together with diffraction limited angular resolution for a grating spectrometer. Selected areas of the mirror-array will be tilted to select portions of the scene so that observation of up to 1000 simultaneous spectra of sparse targets will be possible. This provides a factor of 100 improvement in observing speed over conventional spectrometers. Details of the technology development along with its application to NGST will be discussed.

This work is supported by the GSFC Director's Discretionary Funding, NGST Pre-Phase A studies and NASA's Cross Enterprise Technology Development Program.

The author(s) of this abstract have provided an email address for comments about the abstract: Sanghamitra.B.Dutta@gsfc.nasa.gov

[Previous] | [Session 23] | [Next]