31st Annual Meeting of the DPS, October 1999
Session 5. Extra-solar Planets: Dynamics and Detection
Contributed Oral Parallel Session, Monday, October 11, 1999, 10:30am-12:00noon, Sala Kursaal

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[5.02] The Wobble Method of Extrasolar Planets Detection Revisited

J. Schneider (CNRS - Observatoire de Paris)

The first extrasolar planets have been detected by the measurement of the wobble of the parent star. This wobble leads to the periodic modulation of three observables: the radial velocity, the position on the sky and the time of arrival of periodic signals. We show that the same wobble, and therefore the same modulation of the three observables, can be due to the presence of a more distant binary stellar companion. Thus, the observation of the wobble does not, by itself, constitute a proof of a planet detection; in particular, astrometric confirmation of a wobble does not necessarily provide a sufficient proof of the existence of a planet candidate detected by radial velocity; additional conditions, which we discuss here, must be fulfilled. We investigate the observed wobble for the 20 first planet candidates detected and we find that, for each case, a wobble due to a binary stellar companion can be excluded.

For apparent Saturn-like planets in wide orbits, there may be an ambiguity in future detections, especially in spaceborne astrometric missions.

We conclude that, in some cases, a definitive proof for the presence of a planet requires further observations such as direct imaging

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The author(s) of this abstract have provided an email address for comments about the abstract: schneider@obspm.fr

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