AAS Meeting #194 - Chicago, Illinois, May/June 1999
Session 86. Supernovae and Cataclysmic Variables
Display, Thursday, June 3, 1999, 9:20am-4:00pm, Southwest Exhibit Hall

[Previous] | [Session 86] | [Next]

[86.08] Scaling Supernova Hydrodynamics to the Laboratory

J. Kane (U AZ \& LLNL), D. Arnett (U AZ), B. A. Remington, S. G. Glendinning, D Ryutov, R Wallace (LLNL), R. P. Drake (U Mich.), A Rubenchik (LLNL), R Teyssier (CEA \& DSM/DAPNIA/SA)

Supernova (SN) 1987A focused attention on the critical role of hydrodynamic instabilities in the evolution of SNe. To test the modeling of these instabilities, we are developing laboratory experiments of hydrodynamic instabilities under conditions relevant to SNe. Initial results were reported in J. Kane et~al., Astrophysical Journal 478, L75 (1997). The Nova laser is used to shock two-layer targets, producing Richtmyer-Meshkov (RM) and Rayleigh-Taylor (RT) instabilities at the interfaces between the layers, analogous to instabilities which occurred at the interfaces of SN 1987A. Because the hydrodynamics in the laser experiments at intermediate times (3--40 ns) and in SN 1987A at intermediate times (5 s--104 s) are well described by the Euler equations, the hydrodynamics scale between the two regimes. The experiments are modeled using the hydrodynamics codes HYADES and CALE, and the supernova code PROMETHEUS, thus serving as a benchmark for PROMETHEUS. We present results of the experiments and simulations, analysis of the spike and bubble velocities in the experiment using potential flow theory and a modified Ott thin shell theory, a numerical study of 2D vs.\ 3D differences in instability growth at the O-He and He-H interface of SN 1987A, and designs for analogous 2D vs.\ 3D laser experiments. We discuss scaling of hydrodynamics between SNe and the experiments, and discuss further work to incorporate more features of the SN in the experiments, including spherical geometry, multiple layers and density gradients. Past and ongoing work in laboratory and laser astrophysics is reviewed, including experimental work on supernova remnants (SNRs). A numerical study of RM instability in SNRs is presented. Work performed under the auspices of the U.S. Department of Energy by the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory under contract number W-7405-ENG-48.

If the author provided an email address or URL for general inquiries, it is a s follows:

[Previous] | [Session 86] | [Next]