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D. C. Boice (NAOJ), A. L. Cochran (UTA), M. A. DiSanti (GSFC), W. F. Huebner (SwRI)
Recent progress on a multifluid, hydrodynamic model is presented for the dusty gas flow in the inner coma of comet Hale-Bopp at several heliocentric distances. The simulations are based on a 1-D neutral coma model with detailed photo and gas-phase chemistry and dust entrainment by the gas, a separate energy balance for the electrons, separate flow of the neutral gas, fast neutral atomic and molecular hydrogen, and dust entrainment with fragmentation. The model accounts for three sources of gas release: sublimation from surface ices, transport of gas from subsurface regions through the surface, and release of gas from dust in the coma. This permits a consistent study of the importance and strength of each possible source for a variety of gas-phase species. The simulations allow a study of the changes with heliocentric distance of features within a cometary coma, e.g., spatial distributions of gas-phase species and dust of various sizes and the velocity and temperature profiles. In particular, the model is used to probe spatial distributions of gas-phase species (e.g., CN, CH, C3, C2, HCN, HNC, CO) and dust, and the velocity and temperature structure to understand the complex gas-phase chemistry that occurs in the inner coma. Comparisons with observations are made where available to characterize the environment surrounding comet Hale-Bopp and to aid in assimilating a variety of diverse observations of this unique comet.