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Session 42 - Structure and Evolution of The Universe.
Display session, Tuesday, June 09
High-resolution N-body simulations of rich clusters are used to investigate systematic trends in the cluster masses derived from three simple mass estimators: the weak gravitational lensing shear field under the assumption of circular symmetry and an isothermal cluster potential, (2) the dynamical mass obtained from the radial velocity dispersion under the assumption of an isothermal cluster potential, and (3) the classical virial estimator. The clusters were extracted from simulations of a standard cold dark matter universe at z=0.5 and consist of order 2\times 10^5 to 3\times 10^5 particles of mass m_p = 10^10 M_ødot. The degree of agreement between the true masses of the clusters (known a priori from the simulations) and the masses obtained from the various estimators is a function of physical scale.
On scales less than 0.5 Mpc, the masses obtained from the weak lensing analysis are systematically lower than the true masses of the clusters. Both the 2-dimensional, projected mass and the 3-dimensional contained mass are underestimated by \sim 35%. The masses obtained from the radial velocity dispersion under the assumption of an isothermal potential fare better, underestimating the projected mass by \sim 20% and the 3-dimensional mass by only \sim 10%. By contrast, the classical virial estimator overestimates the 3-dimensional mass on this scale by as much as 80%.
On scales comparable to the ``edges'' of the clusters (defined to be the radius inside which the mean interior overdensity is equal to 200), the lensing analysis underestimates the total 3-dimensional mass by \sim 10% but overestimates the total projected mass by \sim 50%. The isothermal dynamical mass estimator underestimates the total 3-dimensional mass by \sim 35% and the projected total mass by \sim 15%. The classical virial estimator underestimates the total 3-dimensional mass of the clusters by only \sim 10%.
Program listing for Tuesday